The following are a list of links to other historical societies, genealogical organizations and lineage groups which may be of assistance in your research of either your mid-Ohio Valley ancestor or their Revolutionary War service.

Josiah Harmar Resources

Josiah Harmar Papers,William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
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Randolph Greenfield Adams. University Acquires the Harmar Papers. 1936 [at William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan].

 

The Harmar Papers from the Clements Library, Ann Arbor, Michigan. [Richard C. Knopf transcribed these papers and a typed copy is available at the Ohio Historical Society in Columbus, Ohio.]

 

Josiah Harmar Records, 1788-1791. Columbus, Ohio: Ohio Historical Society. [microfilm copy MIC 166, contemporary copy of Harmar’s personal and military finances to account for monies spent and disbursed on supplies and wages at Fort Harmar and Fort Washington in Ohio. Recorded in a series of waste books, journals, and a general ledger, with an alphabetical index to the accounts in the

ledger.]

 

Josiah Harmar and Lyman Copeland Draper. Draper Manuscripts: Josiah Harmar Papers. 1778.

Josiah Harmar, John Francis Hamtramck, and Gayle Thornbrough. Outpost on the Wabash, 1787-1791; letters of Brigadier General Josiah Harmar and Major John Francis Hamtramck, and other letters and documents selected from the Harmar papers in the William L. Clements Library. Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Society, 1957.

Josiah Harmar. The Proceedings of a Court of Enquiry: Held at the Special Request of Brigadier General Josiah Harmar: to Investigate His Conduct, As Commanding Officer of the Expedition against the Miami Indians, 1790: the Same Having Been Transmitted by Major General St. Clair, to the Secretary of the United States, for the Department of War. Philadelphia: Printed by John Fenno, 1791.

 
General Josiah Harmer's Papers and Journal: Including an Account of His Retreat from Fort Wayne (Miamitown) in 1790. 1790.

Josiah Harmar. Papers of the War Department, 1784-1800.
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Josiah Harmar. “Letters of General Josiah Harmar and Others.” Memoirs of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, vol. 7: 413 – 477.

Basil Meek. "General Harmar's Expedition." Ohio Archaelogical and Historical Quarterly. 20: 74-108 (1911).
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John P. Nicholson. Return of the Pennsylvania troops in the Service of the United States: August 7, 1787, Commanded by Josiah Harmar : from the Original Mss., with Notes. Philadelphia: [s.n.], 1887.
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Samuel L. Metcalfe, Daniel Boone, Josiah Harmar, James Wilkinson, Charles Scott, Arthur St. Clair, and Anthony Wayne. A Collection of Some of the Most Interesting Narratives of Indian Warfare in the West: Containing an Account of the Adventures of Colonel Daniel Boone, One of the First Settlers of Kentucky, Comprehending the Most Important Occurrences Relative to Its Early History ... to Which Is Added an Account of the Expeditions of Genl's Harmer [Sic], Scott, Wilkinson, St. Clair, & Wayne. Lexington, Kentucky: Printed by William G. Hunt, 1821.

Ebenezer Denny. Military Journal of Major Ebenezer Denny, An Officer in the Revolutionary and Indian Wars. With an Introductory Memoir. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co, 1859. [This jounal extends from May 1, 1781 – May 31, 1795 and includes a selection of letters written by General Josiah Harmar, January 19, 1784 - December 27, 1796]

August William Derleth and John Francis Hamtramck. Vincennes: Portal to the West. The American forts series. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1969.

Howard Henry Peckham. Josiah Harmar and His Indian Expedition. Columbus, Ohio: The Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society, 1946. [Reprinted from Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Quarterly, 55: 227-241 (1946)]
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Randolph G. Adams. “The Harmar Expedition of 1790,” Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Quarterly, Columbus, Ohio. 50: 60-62 (1941).
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Otho Winger. “The Indians Who Opposed Harmar.” Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Quarterly, Columbus, Ohio. 50: 55 – 59 (1941).
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Richard Walker, Ph.D. Wolf Creek and the Muskingum: Notes on the Settlement of Southeastern Ohio. Baltimore, Maryland: Gateway Press, 1996.

 

John Parker Huber. General Josiah Harmar's Command: Military Policy in the Old Northwest, 1784-1791. Thesis (Ph. D.), Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan, 1968.

 

David H. Morris. A Sketch of Gen. Harmar’s Campaign in 1790. Troy, Ohio: Troy Times, January 17, 1840. [Morris writes about the skirmish led by General Josiah Harmar against the Indians in the Ohio Territory, including the line of march taken by the troops, descriptions of the massacres, and mutinous activities of Harmar’s troops.]

 

William H. Guthman. March to Massacre; A History of the First Seven Years of the United States Army, 1784-1791. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1974.

 

Richard M. Lytle. The Soldiers of America's First Army, 1791. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, 2004.

 

James Ripley Jacobs. The Beginning of the United States Army 1783-1812. Cranbury, New Jersey: Scholar’s Bookshelf. 1947, 2006.

 

Edward M. Coffman. The Old Army: A Portrait of the American Army in Peacetime, 1784-1898. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.

 

Elmore Barce. The Land of the Miamis. Fowler, Indiana: Benton Review Shop, 1922.
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William Gardner Bell. Commanding Generals and Chiefs of Staff, 1775-2005: Portraits & Biographical Sketches of the United States Army’s Senior Officer. Washington, D.C: Center of Military History, United States Army, 2005.

 

Joseph Pritts. Incidents of Border Life Illustrative of the Times and Condition of the First Settlements in Parts of the Middle and Western States: …to Which Are Added Brief Historical Sketches of the War in the North-West, Embracing the Expeditions under Gens. Harmar, St. Clair and Wayne…Compiled From Authentic Sources. Chambersburg, Pennsylvania: J. Pritts, 1839.

 

Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society and Paul N. Haines [map drawn by]. General Anthony Wayne's Campaign against the Indians in the Northwest Territory, 1793-1794: Including the Military Traces of General Josiah Harmar (1790) and General Arthur St. Clair (1791). Columbus, Ohio: Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society, 1944.

 

James M. Perry. Arrogant Armies: Great Military Disasters and the Generals Behind Them. New York: John Wiley, 1996.

 

William L. Stone. Life of Joseph Brant--Thayendanegea: Including the Border Wars of the American Revolution and Sketches of the Indian Campaigns of Generals Harmar, St. Clair, and Wayne. And Other Matters Connected with the Indian Relations of the United States and Great Britain, from the Peace of 1783 to the Indian Peace of 1795. New York: G. Dearboran and Co, 1838.

 

Brice, Wallace A. History of Fort Wayne, from the Earliest Known Accounts of This Point, to the Present Period: Embracing an Extended View of the Aboriginal Tribes of the Northwest, Including, More Especially, the Miamies ... with a Sketch of the Life of General Anthony Wayne; Including Also a Lengthy Biography of the Late Hon. Samuel Hanna Together with Short Sketches of Several of the Early Pioneer Settlers of Fort Wayne; Also an Account of the Manufacturing, Mercantile, and Railroad Interests of Fort Wayne and Vicinity. Fort Wayne, Indiana: D.W. Jones & Son, Printers, 1868.

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Conrad E. Harvey. An Army Without Doctrine: the Evolution of US Army Tactics in the Absence of Doctrine, 1779 to 1847, Thesis (M. of Military Art and Science). Fort Leavenworth, Kansas: US Army Command and General Staff College, 2007.
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William L. Otten. Frontier Major: (1783 - 1791). Colonel J. F. Hamtramck: his life and times, vol. 2. Port Aransas, Texas: Otten, 2003.

"Josiah Harmar". American National Biography. 9 (1999).

Fort Harmar Resources

Josiah Harmar papers,William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
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Papers of the War Department, 1784-1800.
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Klauprech and Menzel. Fort Harmar in 1790 [map], Cincinnati, Ohio: n.p., 1844. [at Cornell University, Ithaca, NY]

 

Plan of Fort Harmar, protracted by a scale of forty feet to an inch [map]. n.p. , ca 1786. [at William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan]

 

Plan of Fort Harmer done by a scale of 35 feet to an inch [map]. n.p., ca 1786. [at William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan]

 

Jonathan Heart. A view of Fort Harmer at 100 yards distance from projecting angle of a bastion. n.p., ca 1786. [at William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan]

 

Draught of Muskingum River shows Ohio River, Fort Harmar, Sciota Company Land, White Womans Creek, Killbucks Creek, Goschachkink, Lichtenau, Wahetamiki, Wallhandi, Gnadenhutten, Salem, Schonbrun, Sugar Creek and One Legged Creek [map] 1787. [Map Collection, Pennsylvania State Archives]

 

Josiah Harmar, John Francis Hamtramck, and Gayle Thornbrough. Outpost on the Wabash, 1787-1791; letters of Brigadier General Josiah Harmar and Major John Francis Hamtramck, and other letters and documents selected from the Harmar papers in the William L. Clements Library. Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Society, 1957.

 

United States and George Washington. By the President of the United States of America. A Proclamation. Whereas by Virtue of Powers Given by the United States in Congress Assembled, to Arthur St. Clair ... a Treaty Was Concluded at Fort-Harmar ... with the Sachems, Chiefs and Warriors of the Wyandot, Delaware, Ottawa, Chippawa, Pattiwatima and Sac Nations. New York: s.n, 1789.

James O’Hara letter to Arthur St. Clair, Marietta, Ohio. December 2, 1788. Columbus, Ohio: The Ohio Historical Society. [This letter from James O'Hara, supplier to the armies of the Northwest Territory and later quartermaster general of the army to Arthur St. Clair, authorized supplying of materials for the signing of the Treaty of Fort Harmar in 1789.] 
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Henry Knox letter to Arthur St. Clair, Northwest Territory, January 5, 1789. Columbus, Ohio: The Ohio Historical Society. [In this letter dated January 5th, 1789, General Henry Knox (secretary of war) asks Arthur St. Clair about his negotiations with the American Indians that preceded the signing of the Treaty of Fort Harmar on January 9, 1789.]
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Marietta Citizens’ letter to Arthur St. Clair, Northwest Territory, January 27, 1789. Columbus, Ohio: The Ohio Historical Society. [This letter of petition, written by the citizens of Marietta congratulated St. Clair on his successful Indian policy and the signing of the Treaty of Fort Harmar.]
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Arthur St. Clair report to Thomas Jefferson [Secretary of State under President George Washington], Northwest Territory, March 19, 1790. Columbus, Ohio: The Ohio Historical Society. [Explains the complex territorial divisions between the American Indian tribes and their various claims to lands in the Ohio country. At the time, St. Clair was facing opposition from American Indians over the Treaty of Fort Harmar.]
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Arthur St. Clair (1734-1818). Papers. Columbus, Ohio: The Ohio Historical Society. [8 rolls microfilm, Governor of the Northwest Territory. Correspondence, notes, speeches, and other documents, relating to St. Clair’s career in Pennsylvania politics and government, service in the Revolution, and governorship of the Northwest Territory, particularly Indian campaigns, fortifications, territorial rights, and government; together with family correspondence, accounts, papers relating to his debts, and other personal and business papers.]

Arthur St. Clair. The St. Clair papers: the life and public services of Arthur St. Clair: soldier of the Revolutionary War, president of the Continental Congress; and governor of the North-western territory: with his correspondence and other papers, arranged and annotated by William Henry Smith. Cincinnati, Ohio, R. Clarke, 1882.

 

Interesting intelligence from the Indian country; an account of the defeat of General St. Clair's army, by the Indians, on the 4th on November, with the loss of 46 officers, and 600 privates. Philadelphia: n.p, 1791.

 

William Patrick Walsh. The Defeat of Major General Arthur St. Clair, November 4, 1791: A Study of the Nation’s Response, 1791-1793. Thesis, Chicago: Loyola University of Chicago, 1977.

 

Floyd A. Barmann and J. Martin West. St. Clair’s Defeat. Floyd A. Barmann and J. Martin West, 1991. [Publication of this booklet was supported by the Road to Greenville Grant of the Ohio Historical Society and the Fort Recovery Bicentennial Commission.]

 

Jennifer A. Small. St. Clair’s Defeat: The Campaign and the Politics Surrounding It. Thesis (Ph.D.), Oxford, Ohio: Miami University, 1978.

Henry Knox Papers, 1783-1795. Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society. [Microfilm copy of volumes 16-36, dating November 1783 to January 1795, from the fifty-five volumes of Henry Knox papers. Knox served as Secretary of War from 1785 - 1795. The papers include correspondence with family, Revolutionary associates, government officials, land speculators, and friends; bills; receipts; ledgers; maps; military records and returns; and papers of Knox’s wife and of her family. Original papers are owned by the New England Historic Genealogical Society and deposited in the Massachusetts Historical Society.]

 

Army War College. Card Index on Old Forts, Army War College, Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Army War College, 1918-1941.

Leroy V. Eid. “American Indian Military Leadership: St. Clair’s 1791 Defeat.” The Journal of Military History, 57, no. 1: 71-88 (January 1993).

Samuel P. Hildreth. Pioneer History: Being an Account of the First Examinations of the Ohio Valley, and the Early Settlement of the Northwest Territory. Cincinnati, Ohio: H.W. Derby & Co., 1848.
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Samuel P. Hildreth. Contributions to the Early History of the North-west, Including the Moravian Missions in Ohio. Cincinnati, Ohio: Hitchcock & Walden, 1864.
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H. Z. William & Bros. History of Washington County, Ohio, 1788 – 1881: With Illustrations and Biographical Sketches. Cleveland. Ohio: H. Z. Williams, 1881.

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Richard Walker, Ph.D. Wolf Creek and the Muskingum: Notes on the Settlement of Southeastern Ohio. Baltimore, MD: Gateway Press, 1996.

 

Richard Walker, Ph.D. The Theft of Ohio: Treaty of Fort Harmar 1789. (MSS., 2009)

 

Gary Williams. The Forts of Ohio: A Guide to Military Stockades. Caldwell, Ohio: Buckeye Book Press, 2003.

 

Richard H. Kohn. Eagle and Sword: The Federalists and the Creation of the Military Establishment in America, 1783 – 1802. New York: Free Press, 1975.

 

Harry M. Ward. The Department of War, 1781 – 1795. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1962.

 

Wiley Sword. President Washington’s Indian War: The Struggle for the Old Northwest, 1790 – 1795. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1993.

 

Merrill Jensen. The New Nation: A History of the United States During the Confederation, 1781 – 1789. New York: Knopf, 1950.

 

William H. Guthman. March to Massacre: A History of the First Seven Years of the United States Army 1784-1791. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co. 1970, 1975. 

James Ripley Jacobs. The Beginning of the United States Army 1783-1812. Cranbury, New Jersey: Scholar’s Bookshelf. 1947, 2006.

 

Francis Paul Prucha. The Sword of the Republic: The United States Army on the Frontier 1783-1846. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1977, c.1969. 

James H. O'Donnell. Ohio's First Peoples. Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press, 2004.

 

Bud Hannings. Forts of the United States: AN Historical Dictionary, 16th Through 19th Centuries. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company,

2006.

 

A. A. Graham. “The Military Posts, Forts and Battlefields Within the State of Ohio.” Ohio Archaelogical and Historical Quarterly. 3: 300–311 (1891).
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Daniel P. Barr. The Boundaries Between Us: Natives and Newcomers Along the Frontiers of the Old Northwest Territory, 1750 – 1850. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 2006.

 

Richard White. The Middle Ground: Indians, Empires, and Republics in the Great Lakes Region, 1650-1815. Cambridge Studies in North American Indian History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

 

Beverley W. Bond, Jr. The Foundations of Ohio. Columbus, Ohio: Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society, 1941.

 

R. Douglas Hurt. The Ohio Frontier. Crucible of the Old Northwest, 1720-1830. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1966.

 

Andrew R. L. Cayton. The Frontier Republic: Ideology and Politics in the Ohio Country, 1780-1825. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 1986.

 

Encyclopedia of Ohio Indians. St. Clair Shores, Michigan: Somerset Publishers, Inc., 1998.

 

Robert B. Roberts. Encyclopedia of Historic Forts: The Military, Pioneer, and Trading Posts of the United States. New York: Macmillan, 1988.

FORT HARMAR WEBSITES

 

Fort Harmar
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Treaty with the Six Nations 1789 – Fort Harmar.
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Links

 
 

Marietta Chapter, Ohio Society

Sons of the American Revolution

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